Nanoscale structures at interfaces formed by lipids and from polymer/surfactant mixtures - deeper understanding provided by large-scale facilities
24. Juni 14:30 - 15:30
- The deposition to form soft matter nano-scale structures at interfaces is a delicate balance...
A measurement of the antineutrino spectrum of the fission products of U238
01. Juli 14:30 - 15:30
- In the last years, antineutrinos from nuclear reactors helped todetermine the parameters in the...
Implementation of a Longitudinal NRSE option for RESEDA at FRM II
15. Juli 14:30 - 15:30
- Longitudinal NRSE (lNRSE) has the possibilities to extend the accesible dynamic range of both NSE...
Phase Transitions in Transition Metal Monooxides: Interplay Between Structural, Magnetic, and Electronic Properties
Author: Leonid Dubrovinsky
The iron monoxide Fe1-xO (wüstite) is an important member of the highly correlated transition metal monoxide group which includes NiO, CoO, and MnO, and is also an end-member component of the (Mg,Fe)O solid solution, the most abundant non-silicate oxide in the Earth. At ambient conditions wüstite exists in a cubic fcc-based rock-salt structure with a nonstoichiometric formula Fe1-xO. At low temperatures a rhombohedral distortion of the cubic cell is known to occur as believed to be driven by antiferromagnetic ordering. A strong C44 elastic constant softening is also observed in the same temperature range. At high pressures the cubic-to-rhombohedral phase transformation occurs in FeO, and C44 mode softening also exists at high pressures. Elastic mode softening was assigned to a strong magneto-elastic coupling in FeO. We conducted combined high-pressure and low- and high-temperature X-ray and neutron diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and ultrasonic interferometry study of FeO, FeO-MgO solid solutions, and MnO. We revealed decoupling of magnetic ordering and structural distortion in nonstoichiometric FeO in a wide temperature (up to 1100 K) and pressure (over 100 GPa) range. For MnO we observed strong correlation between magnetic ordering and structural transition at ambient pressure and could not distinguish Neel (TN) and structural transition (TS) temperatures within experimental uncertainties. The pressure dependence of TN and TS in MnO, however, are different at elevated pressures, like in case of FeO. Cubic-to-rhombohedral phase transition was observed for ferropericlase Mg0.8Fe0.2O at about 40 GPa and no transformation was observed in Mg0.95Fe0.05O at pressures up to 80 GPa. The existence of a rhombohedral distortion in ferropericlase with mantle composition at high pressures coupled with the absence of magnetic ordering has important implications for the interpretation of seismological data with respect to Earth lower mantle inhomogeneity.
PD Dr. Leonid Dubrovinsky